Towards Bettering HIV/AIDS Understandings: A Phenomenographic-Comparison of the Conceptions of HIV-Positive University Students in Finland and Nigeria

Thesis by Emmanuel Okwara for his Doctorate in Teacher of Education, Faculty of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, 2015

View or download the full thesis


Primary Prevention of Sexual Violence resource

"Primary prevention is an approach to addressing a problem of any kind before it occurs, whether it be related to traffic safety, substance abuse, or sexual violence. The Ecological Model and Spectrum of Prevention are flexible frameworks upon which professionals over many decades have built targeted strategies optimized for solving multi-layered problems. These two aforementioned models specifically emphasize the role of societal norms and environmental conditions in the occurrence of certain phenomena like sexual violence.

State of the World's Children 2011 (UNICEF report)


The State of the World’s Children 2011 invited adult and adolescent contributors from a variety of stakeholder groups to give their perspectives on the distinct challenges adolescents face today in protection, education, health and participation. Through a wealth of concrete examples, this report makes clear that sustainable progress is possible.

An Ethics Case Study of HIV Prevention Research on Facebook: The Just/Us Study

In this article, we will describe an ethics case study of using Facebook to deliver a sexual education program to youth and young adults, with a focus on those issues highlighted in Table I, which include a description of potential ethical risks related to beneficence, information and comprehension, equity and special populations, and confidentiality and security.

Languaging for life: African youth talk back to HIV/AIDS research

By Bonny Norton and Harriet Mutonyi – Language Policy, 9, 45–63

In this article, we present a case study, undertaken in Uganda, in which 12 young people debated and critiqued four research articles on HIV/AIDS relevant to Ugandan youth. The rationale for the study was to provide students with the opportunity to respond to health research that had a direct bearing on their lives.

Sexpress: The Toronto Teen Survey Report

What are diverse teens in Toronto, Ontario, Canada saying about HIV, sexual health, and the services they want?

The Toronto Teen Survey (TTS) is a community-based research project that has gathered information from youth on assets, gaps, and barriers that currently exist in sexual health education and services.

Planned Parenthood Toronto sponsored the Toronto Teen Survey in partnership with York University, University of Toronto (New College), and Wilfrid Laurier University. Toronto Public Health was a collaborator.

Full citation:

National HIV and STDs Testing resources [retrieved July 2009] Abstract : Help your students learn the facts about HIV/AIDS and understand the scope of this global epidemic by using the Web sites below in observance of World AIDS Day on December 1. Note: Due to sensitive and mature content, please preview each site before classroom use to decide if it is appropri- ate for your students.

Adolescents in the AIDS epidemic [retrieved July 2009] Abstract : Risk factors for AIDS among adolescents / Susan G. Millstein -- Adolescents' AIDS risk taking : a rational choice perspective / William Gardner, Janna Herman -- School-based primary prevention : what is an effective program? / Catherine Lewis, Vic Battistich, Eric Schaps -- Federal policy and adolescent AIDS / Brian L. Wilcox -- Protecting adolescents from AIDS / Brian L. Wilcox, Susan G. Millstein, William Gardner.

Television Productions on HIV/AIDS From 11 Countries Available Rights-Free [retrieved july 2009] Abstract : 'Think positive : The Asian Face of HIV/AIDS' are short form television productions by eleven national broadcast companies form across the Asia-Pacific region to raise awareness of the global HIV/AIDS pandemic.

Who will speak for me [n.d.]

This documentary takes a glimpse at the impact HIV/AIDS among African Americans & African/Caribbean immigrants in the Pacific Northwest and is one of several local actions being taken to help break the silence about HIV/AIDS and facilitate discussions about the devastating affects of the epidemic. It is a film that breaks the silence about HIV/AIDS among people of African descent in the faith community and encourages healthy dialogue about one of the most important issues facing our world today.

Working toward meaning: The evolution of an assignment [2000] Explores the evolution of a photomontage assignment in a college-level course for academically unprepared students by summarizing the original assignment and then describing the latest version after a three-year period. Believes that the current assignment promotes aesthetically rich and meaningful artwork from students and a positive shift in student attitudes. (Link to article coming soon)

Fantasy's confines: Popular culture and the education of the female primary school teacher [1997] Fantasy in the thinking of preservice teachers was studied with 12 white Canadian women learning to teach primary school. Findings reveal powerful fantasies of love and devotion among preservice teachers. They should be encouraged to explore these fantasies as an avenue to self-understanding and understanding of the teacher's role. (Link to the article coming soon)

The Art of Making Do (1988) Asserts that student writers, teachers, and teacher educators must learn to "make do" with the time and circumstances they have in order to develop and grow. (Link to the article coming soon)

Kenyan Youth An HIV/AIDS theater program, run by Family Health International, has spread throughout Kenya during the past five years, growing from 35 youth theater groups to more than 270 and reaching over 400,000 people with performances that stimulate thought-provoking discussions about the epidemic. This website provides information on these endeavors.

Reflections on HIV and AIDS Education [2002] This article presents the forum theatre as an alternative means of presenting a combined informational and therapeutic education on men as an underrepresented target group, which can increase the use of male condoms. Furthermore, a second objective of the article and the research done is to present a methodology and guidelines that can be used in either other provinces of Mozambique or other cities on a global scale to build up a empirically based educational theatre.

Listening to the shapes of collaborative artmaking (1999)

Link to the article coming soon Discusses a collaboratively designed project where a group of artist-teachers created an installation quilt for a group exhibition that spurred their reflection on aesthetic issues and feminist pedagogy. Explains that these ideas are connected and may offer teachers interested in gender issues a view toward a listener-centered pedagogy and artmaking.

Variations on a Blue Guitar: The Lincoln Center Institute Lectures on Aesthetic Education (2001) This book contains a collection of never-before-published lectures touching on the topics of aesthetic education, imagination and transformation, educational renewal and reform, excellence, standards, and cultural diversity. The lectures in the book were given over a 25-year period of the educator's/author's self-discovery and continuing efforts to move a diversity of teachers to discover new dimensions of themselves.

Forms of understanding and the future of educational research (1993) Explains how the author's ideas about the development of the mind and forms through which its contents are revealed developed. Also, explores uncertainties the author has felt about educational philosophy and practice, and discusses implications for future educational research that does justice to the development of human intellectual capacities.

What artistically crafted research can help us to understand about schools (1995)

Link to the article coming soon This analysis describes some of the general features of art and goes on to look at what the artistic treatment of research entails. Artistically crafted research that includes coherence, imagery, and particularity can help to explain what is important about schools. Further, the education of teachers should be regarded as the education of artists.

The Promise and perils of alternative forms of data representation (1997)

This article addresses the potential strengths and weaknesses of alternative forms of data representation. As educational researchers become increasingly interested in the relationship between form of representation and form of understanding, new representational forms are being used to convey to 'readers' what has been learned. These explorations are rooted in an expanding conception of the nature of knowledge and the relationship between what one knows and how it is represented. While new forms of representation have their potential virtues, they also have their limitations.

The Evaluator as Artist (1981)

Link to the article coming soon

Rescripting the script and rewriting the paper: Taking research to the edge of the exploratory (2000) This paper is a sequel to the playlet "Performance as Rehearsal" that was performed as part of a larger presentation called "Passion Play" at a national-level educational research conference in 2000. The authors reflect on their experience of scripting and performing their 'two hander' and on the audience's reactions to it documented by means of a response/evaluation sheet.
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